An air conditioning system is one of the most important components of your house. Without this, it is literally impossible to survive the summer months in warmer states. But do you know how the air conditioning cycle works? Everyone knows that air conditioners can be a great way to keep your home cool and comfortable during the warm summer days. So, how does an air conditioning system actually work and what goes into the air conditioning cycle?

Air Conditioning Cycle

There are mainly two laws of physics associated with the air conditioning system. You need to know specifically about these two laws to know the inner workings and functions of the entire air conditioning system in order to have a functioning AC system and to save on your AC bill.

Combined Gas Law

The combined gas law is all about the relationship between the temperature and pressure. The combined gas law is named so because this law is a combination of Gay-Lussac’s Law, Boyle’s Law and Charles’s Law. According to Boyle’s Law, the pressure volume product is constant and Charles’s Law shows us that the volume is proportional to that of the absolute temperature. According to the Gay-Lussac’s Law, the pressure is also proportional to that of the absolute temperature. 

In layman’s term, this combined gas law means whenever you will heat up the gas, the pressure will increase. The vice versa will happen when you pressurize the gas, the heat will increase. If the pressure increases, the temperature increases too. This is the reason why tire will heat up when you pump it with the air. If pressure decreases, the temperature will decrease. Thus, the aerosol will get colder as you will depress the nozzle and then release the pressure. 

Law of Thermodynamics

There is a second law of physics that you must know. It plays an important role in the cycle of air conditioning. The law of thermodynamics state that heat will always flow from hotter to colder bodies naturally. You can only transfer the heat from a colder body to a warmer one by some kind of external work.

The Refrigeration Cycle

The air conditioning system mainly works using the thermodynamic cycle which is also called refrigeration cycle. The AC does this by simply changing the pressure and also the state of the refrigerant for absorbing or releasing heat. The refrigerant (also known as coolant) will absorb the heat from inside of your home and then will be pumped out easily. Both the window air conditioning system and split air condition system works in the same way to blow cold air into your home

In Conclusion

So, this is how the air conditioning cycle works. The air conditioning system follows a simple yet very efficient mechanism that can help you to keep your house cool and comfortable even in the hottest days. The refrigerant helps in the entire cycle of condensing the warm air and refrigerates it to the colder one so that you can enjoy cooler air whenever you turn on the air conditioner and enjoy its health benefits. The entire air conditioning system helps in keeping the moisture out of the room, decreasing the humidity level and keeping the room cooler and better with the compressor and other parts of the AC.